The Budget Control Act of 2011 established a joint congressional committee (the “Super Committee”) and charged it with the responsibility of reducing the deficit by $1.2 trillion over 10 years. If the Super Committee fails to reach an agreement, automatic cuts of $1.2 trillion over 10 years are triggered, starting in January 2013. These are said to be “across the board”, but they are not. They would apply $600 billion to Defense, and $600 to other spending. Entitlements are exempt, including the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly food stamps) and refundable tax credits such as the Earned Income Tax Credit and child tax credit. These entitlements are exempt from the cuts because anyone who qualifies can participate (that spending is determined by participation, not by Congress).
In addition, the Bush-era tax cuts are set to expire at the end of 2012, so doing nothing means that tax rates would jump back to pre-2001 levels. That combination might be the best thing yet for our huge budget deficit.
The Federal government’s annual deficit has been more than $1 trillion since 2009. Continuation of that excess spending might create a debt crisis similar than the one now in Europe.
The Center on Budget and Policy Priorities estimates that the trigger would cut $54.7 billion annually in both defense and non-defense spending from 2013 through 2021. Meanwhile, U.S. defense spending is around $700 billion per year, with cuts of about $35 billion per year already enacted, so the automatic trigger would reduce defense spending from about $665 billion to about $610 billion. Some may view that 10% cut as draconian, but the simple fact is that the U.S. needs to wind down its spending on two wars. Congress and voters are fooling themselves if they think the U.S. can continue to spend the same level on defense, not raise taxes, and make any major dent in the huge annual deficit.
The same point can be made for automatic cuts in Social Security, which in its current form is unsustainable. Since it was enacted in 1935, life expectancy has increased dramatically, which means more payouts than anticipated. Birth rates have declined, which means fewer workers and less payroll tax than anticipated. The system will run out of money in 2037. Congress either needs to raise taxes or cut spending. But they won’t do either! The only solution might be the automatic course, without action by Congress!
For further reading, see “Why doing nothing yields $7.1 trillion in deficit cuts”.