So you don’t know how long you will live? Perhaps its time for an “auto-annuity”

Posted by Jeffrey Brown on Sep 14, 2009

Filed Under (Retirement Policy)

I don’t know about you, but I have no idea how long I will live.  In most ways, this is a blessing – given how much I like to quantify things, I don’t think I could help myself from starting the grand count-down if I knew my death date for certain.  But in at least one respect – financial planning for retirement – this uncertainty is a real nuisance. 

Fortunately, there are financial products – known by the unsexy name of “life annuities” – that help solve this problem by converting  wealth into a stream of income that will last as long as you do.   There is plenty of research out there showing why annuitization can improve individual well-being by providing a higher level of consumption in retirement.  The problem is that most 401(k) plan sponsors don’t offer them in their plans, and thus most retirees or soon-to-be-retirees don’t have the option to convert their wealth into a guaranteed income stream.

Last Friday, I presented a new policy proposal at a conference sponsored by the American Council of Life Insurers, the AARP, the American Benefits Council, and WISER (apologies if I missed any sponsors!)  The gist of the proposal is to encourage 401(k) and 403(b) plan sponsors to adopt life annuities as the default distribution option from their plans.  The policy steps suggested to encourage it include fiduciary relief and the easing of some administrative burdens associated with qualified joint and survivor annuity rules.  If I may say so myself, the proposal was very well received – including by officials at Treasury, Labor and most of the Congressional staffers present.

Using “automatic enrollment” has proven very successful at increasing 401(k) participation rates, and I believe that “automatic annuitization” could help do the same for increasing annuitization in the payout phase.  This seems a worthwhile goal.  After all, saving assets is not enough to ensure retirement security – you also need a way to ensure that you have enough to live on no matter how long you live. 

I know that this will not make the most scintillating reading for the masses, but you might want to check out the paper anyway.  Whether or not this proposal is ever enacted, I am pretty confident that the future of private sector retirement plans in this country is going to include a greater role for annuitization.  So you may as well start learning about it now … here is the link to the paper.