Yes, I’ve written about the budget before, and perhaps I’m getting repetitive. But it’s important, and surprising, so I’ll give it another go. But nevermind President Obama’s recent release of a proposed budget for next year. That document is already irrelevant! Let’s start with the current budget.
Current federal spending now is over $3 trillion per year. The deficit is $1.6 trillion. The U.S. House of Representatives approved a plan to cut spending by $60 billion. The Republicans chose not to change spending on defense and homeland security, nor entitlement programs like Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid. The problem is that then other discretionary spending must be cut for some government agencies by as much as 40%. And yet that total $60 billion cut is only a drop in the bucket. It cuts the annual deficit only from $1.6 trillion to 1.54 trillion!
My point is that you can’t get there from here. First of all, it’s not wise to cast such a wide net, without thinking, making cuts of 40% or more to discretionary programs simply because they are called discretionary. It means cuts to national parks, environmental programs, and federal employees who provide many public services people want.
Second, who says we need to leave defense and entitlements untouched? Within just a few years, Medicaid will cost about $300 billion per year, Medicare will cost $500 billion, and Social Security will cost $800 billion, and defense $800 billion. ALL of domestic discretionary spending will be only $400 billion. By those round numbers, $60 billion from that last category is a 15% cut. The same $60 billion cut proportionally from all of those categories would be only a 2% cut. That’s what I mean by a drop in the bucket.
Anyway, that plan would still cut the deficit only from $1.6 trillion to $1.54 trillion. The ONLY way to make any sizeable dent in the huge $1.6 trillion deficit is to look at all the current spending, not just at $400 billion of domestic discretionary spending, but at the $800 billion of defense spending, $800 billion of social security, $500 billion of Medicare, and/or $300 billion of Medicaid.
And who says taxes are sacrosanct? A $1.6 trillion deficit means we are spending more than our income, so one just MIGHT think that problem can be approached from both ends.